The Roman Empire occurred after the Roman Republic during ancient Rome. The Roman Empire also ruled much longer than Han China. Han China (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.) and Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E.-476 C.E.) had numerous similarities and differences with their ways of governing such as slavery, leaders, social class, military, government, and their economy.
The Roman and Han empires equally strived economically in trade. However, decline in trade affected Rome more than Han China. Many Chinese communities were self sufficient, and most trade was carried out between communities. The Roman’s economy relied heavily on trade, and as trade routes became compromised, pirates and bandits began stealing.